Pencil Grip Development

Children develop their pencil grip at
different times, though it generally does follow a pattern. 

Generally your little one
will firstly grip their pencil with a “fisted grip” (see image 1 below). During this stage children
use whole arm movements to draw, most of the movement comes from the shoulder.
 

Image 1 – Fisted Grip

As kid’s shoulders, arms and hands become
stronger they begin to grip their pencil in the palm of their hand with palm
facing down. There is now more elbow movement when drawing.
 

 

Image 2 – Palm Down

 The next way a child holds their pencil is
called an ‘immature 5 finger grasp’, (it is quite normal for a four year old to
hold a pencil this way). There is more wrist movement used for colouring and
generally the fingers grip the pencil very tightly. 

Most children 5-7 years, grip a pencil with
a mature three finger grip. As your child’s hand and fingers become stronger,
independent finger movements will be used when drawing.

Image 3 – three finger grip

Kids will swap their
grip around as their muscles tire. 

Fine motor activities to encourage the development of a good pencil grip are largely strengthening exercizes, and most fall into the following 2 categories:

1. Activities to strengthen the muscles that hold your body up, and control the arm

and

2. Activities to strengthen the muscles that control drawing movements, and those that grip the pencil.

My next few articles will cover some fine motor activities that focus on strengthening these muscles, which you can use to assist your little one with their pencil grip development.

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